In most cases in which the ruling or decision of the trial Judge or the verdict of the jury is appealed to a higher court, the Court of Appeals (or in certain cases, the Supreme Court), writes an Opinion, explaining the Court's formal decision on the case with an analysis of the facts and the law supporting the decision. Often, particularly in Supreme Court and United States Court's of Appeal cases, these opinions refine, explain, and sometimes change the law in a particular area or application.
These Appellate Opinions become part of the Case Law throughout the entire State (and at times, throughout the entire country)  interpreting and defining and distinguishing existing Statutes, Rules, and other earlier opinions, while acting as support for later opinions. These opinions are also quoted, cited, and relied upon in legal arguments, for or against a position or issue, in both trial courts (where the case is being litigated, argued, and eventually tried before a jury) and in the Courts of Appeal, (where a party, unhappy with the judge's ruling or the jury's verdict, seeks review in a higher court), i.e.: "the defendant cites the case of Jackson v. State, to support our position..." Michael Gelety has argued and been involved in over one hundred fifty (150) such Appellate Opinions, often making new law.
Attorney Gelety is in the unique and powerful position of often being able to cite and rely upon the Appellate Opinion in one or more of his own cases to support his arguments for a current client, in virtually any type of case (criminal, civil, administrative, postconviction) and in any type of Court (Federal, State Circuit or County) or administrative venue:


MICHAEL D. GELETY'S APPELLATE OPINION CASE LIST 

OFFICIAL CITATION 
COURT/YEAR 
TITLE 

FLORIDA SUPREME COURT (CRIMINAL) 

400 So.2d 762 
(Fla. 1981) 
State v. Yu 
439 So.2d 1372 
(Fla. 1983) 
Herzog v. State* 
441 So.2d 1073 
(Fla. 1983) 
Pope v. State* 
452 So.2d 520 
(Fla. 1984) 
Blanco v. State* 
453 So.2d 45 
(Fla. 1984) 
State v. DelGaudio 
454 So.2d 556 
(Fla. 1984) 
Gorham v. State* 
460 So.2d 353 
(Fla. 1984) 
Doyle v. State* 
464 So.2d 1181 
(Fla. 1985) 
Jackson v. State* 
480 So.2d 1279 
(Fla. 1985) 
Deaton v. State* 
592 So.2d 1076 
(Fla. 1991) 
State v. Cerrito 
504 So.2d 396 
(Fla. 1987) 
Keen v. State* 
515 So.2d 182 
(Fla. 1987) 
Smith v. State* 
537 So.2d 988 
(Fla. 1989) 
Jackson v. State* 
599 So.2d 103 
(Fla. 1992) 
Jackson v. State* 
752 So.2d 553 
(Fla. 1999) 
State v. Bates 

*death sentence cases 

FLORIDA SUPREME COURT (CIVIL) 

614 So.2d 498 
(Fla. 1993) 
Alvarado v. Rice 
SC031866 
(Fla. 2003) 
Florida Bar v. D. S. 
SC031867 
(Fla. 2003) 
Florida Bar v. S. D. 
SC04793 
(Fla. 2004) 
Florida Bar v. S. D. 
SC04794 
(Fla. 2004) 
Florida Bar v. D. S. 
917 So.2d 195 
(Fla. 2005) 
Florida Bar v. D. B. 
970 So. 2d 825 
(Fla. 2007) 
Florida Bar v. E. D. 
21 So. 3d 15 
(Fla. 2009) 
Florida Bar v. M. W. 
64 So. 3d 119 
(Fla. 2011) 
Florida Bar v. E. D. 
114 S. 3d 937 
(Fla. 2013) 
Florida Bar v. R.R.P. 

OHIO SUPREME COURT 

52 O.St.2d 187, 370 NE 2d 740 
(Ohio S.Ct. 1977) 
Ohio v. Steele 

U.S. COURT OF APPEALS, ELEVENTH CIRCUIT 

693 F.2d 1081 
USCA 11th Cir. 1982 
U.S. v. Velez 
781 F.2d 1516 
USCA 11th Cir. 1986 
DeAngelo v. Wainwright 
798 F.2d 446 
USCA 11th Cir. 1986 
U.S. v. Hicks 
817 F.2d 1552 
USCA 11th Cir. 1987 
U.S. v. Tisdale 
835 F.2d 1439 
USCA 11th Cir. 1987 
DeAngelo v. Dugger 
901 F.2d 948 
USCA 11th Cir. 1990 
US v. Kluver 
980 F.2d 1446 
USCA 11th Cir. 1992 
U.S. v. Moulton 
30 F.3d 1498 
USCA 11th Cir. 1994 
U.S. v. Rosenberg 
74 F.3d 1251 
USCA 11th Cir. 1996 
U.S. v. Goldman 
86 F.3d 187 
USCA 11th Cir. 1996 
U.S. v.McCutcheon 
9804219 
USCA 11th Cir. 1996 
U.S. v. Simms 
984597 
USCA 11th Cir. 1998 
U.S. v. Conn 
204 Fed. Appx. 799 
USCA 11th Cir. 2006 
U.S. v. Perkins 
338 Fed. Appx. 843 
USCA 11th Cir. 2009 
U.S. v. Prendergast 

U.S. COURT OF APPEALS, SIXTH CIRCUIT 

758 F.2d 153 
USCA 6th Cir. 1985 (Mich.) 
U.S. v. Lucci 

U.S. COURT OF APPEALS, FOURTH CIRCUIT 

674 F. 3d 278 
USCA 4th Cir. 2010 (N.Car.) 
U.S. v. Susi 
378 Fed. Appx. 277 
USCA 4th Cir. 2012 (N.Car.) 
U.S. v. Susi 

U.S. DISTRICT COURTS 

531 Fed. Supp 1063 
(D.V.I., Virgin Islands 1982) 
U.S. v. Chabot 
611 Fed. Supp 497 
(S.D. Fla. 1985) 
U.S. v. Hicks 
920 Fed. Supp 639 
(E. Dist. Pa. 1996) 
U.S. v. Premises 

FLORIDA DISTRICT COURTS OF APPEAL 

Second District (Criminal) 

436 So.2d 190 
(Fla. 2d D.C.A. 1983) 
Ellison v. State 
447 So.2d 261 
(Fla. 2d D.C.A. 1983) 
Ellison v. State 
905 So.2d 133 
(Fla. 2d D.C.A. 2005) 
Johnson v. State 
63 So. 3d 767 
(Fla. 2d D.C.A. 2011) 
Reinhardt v. State 
178 So. 3d 410 
(Fla. 2d D.C.A. 2015) 
Reagan v. State 
186 So. 3d 1029 
(Fla. 2d D.C.A. 2016) 
Cantu v. State 
190 So. 3d 640 
(Fla. 2d D.C.A. 2016) 
Hulata v. State 

Third District (Criminal) 

661 So. 2d 837 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1995) 
BenShmuel v. State 
679 So.2d 322 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1996) 
BenShmuel v. State 
691 So.2d 1149 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1997) 
BenShmuel v. State 
732 So.2d 383 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1999) 
BenShmuel v. State 
3D051839 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 2005) 
Crochette v. State 
926 So.2d 469 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 2006) 
Ferguson v. State 
980 So.2d 504 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 2008) 
Ferguson v. State 
38 So. 3d 149 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 2010) 
Patrocinio v. State 

Third District (Civil) 

3D88390 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1988) 
Wesley v. Bolton 
564 So.2d 1145 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1990) 
Techvend v. Phoenix 
674 So.2d 173 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1996) 
Alvarez v. State Farm 
49 So. 3d 252 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 2010) 
Dell and Schaeffer, P.A. 
75 So. 3d 423 
(Fla. 3d D.C.A. 2011) 
Maingot v. Unique Vacations and Sandals 

Fourth District (Criminal) 

403 So.2d 573 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1981) 
DeAngelo v. State 
407 So.2d 340 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1981) 
State v. Carney 
409 So.2d 1181 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1982) 
Cedrone v. State 
411 So.2d 409 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1981) 
Davanzo v. State 
413 So.2d 897 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1982) 
State v. Miller 
427 So.2d 1047 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1983) 
McCrary v. State 
446 So.2d 719 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1984) 
Trinca v. State 
447 So.2d 1984 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1984) 
State v. Bowman 
462 So.2d 1206 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1985) 
Covello v. State 
466 So.2d 445 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1985) 
Cohen v. State 
475 So.2d 944 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1985) 
Spain v. State 
479 So.2d 208 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1985) 
Whitfield v. State 
483 So.2d 512 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1986) 
Moore v. State 
506 So.2d 1054 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1987) 
Reeb v. State 
508 So.2d 20 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1987) 
Fisher v. State 
509 So.2d 961 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1987) 
State v. Kravit 
1988 Fla. App. Lexis 4950 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1988) 
Caradonna v. State 
536 So.2d 1052 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1988) 
State v. Nichols 
537 So.2d 686 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1989) 
Moment v. State 
564 So.2d 225 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1990) 
Stone v. State 
565 So.2d 871 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1990) 
Charles v. State 
578 So.2d 61 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1991) 
State v. Cerrito 
579 So.2d 418 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1991) 
Davis v. State 
581 So.2d 633 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1991) 
Hindenberger v. State 
595 So.2d 247 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1992) 
State v. Cerrito 
596 So.2d 756 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1992) 
Walsh v. State 
605 So.2d 86 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1992) 
Vento v. State 
608 So.2d 86 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1992) 
Paster v. State 
613 So.2d 42 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1993) 
Murray v. State 
616 So.2d 1041 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1993) 
Stone v. State 
618 So.2d 243 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1993) 
Garcia v. State 
621 So.2d 493 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1993) 
Vento v. State 
627 So.2d 1349 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1993) 
Walsh v. State 
636 So.2d 519 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1994) 
Jackson v. State 
652 So.2d 832 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1995) 
Vento v. State 
673 So.2d 546 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1996) 
State v. Torres 
689 So.2d 376 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1997) 
Johnson v. State 
690 So.2d 720 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1997) 
Dean v. State 
693 So.2d 1144 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1997) 
Garcia v. State 
712 So.2d 1256 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1998) 
Steel v. State 
713 So.2d 1119 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1998) 
Vento v. State 
718 So.2d 878 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1998) 
Legette v. State 
731 So.2d 94 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1999) 
Gutierrez v. State 
733 So.2d 531 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1999) 
Potter v. State 
736 So.2d 89 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1999) 
Garcia v. State 
757 So.2d 532 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2000) 
Fecske v. State 
755 So.2d 584 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2000) 
Brazil v. Jenne 
773 So.2d 1163 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2000) 
Patton v. State 
777 So.2d 1073 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2001) 
Weir v. State 
793 So.2d 962 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2001) 
Garcia v. State 
816 So.2d 638 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2002) 
Brunner v. State 
829 So.2d 230 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2002) 
Parlavecchio v. State 
835 So.2d1273 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2003) 
Mercer v. State 
851 So.2d 173 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2003) 
DeLuca v. State 
857 So.2d 890 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2003) 
Grant v. State 
859 So.2d 535 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2003) 
Persad v. State 
866 So. 2d 1225 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2004) 
Ghanem v.State 
871 So. 2d 1010 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2004) 
Gonzalez v. State 
872 So. 2d 387 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2004) 
Johanson v. State 
882 So. 2d 464 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2004) 
Ghanem v. Crosby 
883 So. 2d 812 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2004) 
Anderson v. State 
901 So.2d 1014 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2005) 
Arroyo v. State 
901 So.2d 985 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2005) 
Hardy v. State 
902 So.2d 357 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2005) 
Ingrassia v. State 
904 So.2d 432 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2005) 
Gibbs v. State 
929 So. 2d 1187 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2006) 
Ghanem v. State 
954 So. 2d 38 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2007) 
Strong v. State 
953 So. 2d 539 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2007) 
Ghanem v. State 
967 So. 2d 921 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2007) 
Jones v. State 
980 So. 2d 1079 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2008) 
Finley v. State 
992 So. 2d 268 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2008) 
Morter v. State 
2 So. 3d 369 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2008) 
Grosso v. State 
1 So. 3d 1240 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2009) 
Strobridge v. State 
10 So. 3d 1136 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2009) 
N.S. v. State 
17 So. 3d 1237 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2009) 
Garmon v. State 
4D092013 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2009) 
Snell v. State 
44 So. 3d 596 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2010) 
Reid v. State 
54 So. 3d 987 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2011) 
Sapp v. State 
93 So. 3d 1193 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2011) 
Roman v. State 
82 So. 3d 825 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2011) 
Watkins v. Lamberti 
4D112170 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2011) 
Morgan v. State 
93 So. 3d 1193 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2012) 
Roman v. State 
100 So. 3d 706 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2012) 
Fosterricks v. State 
4D123574 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2013) 
Richards v. State 
127 So. 3d 838 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2013) 
Gibbs v. State 

Fourth District (Civil) 

390 So.2d 487 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1980) 
Reed v. O.A. & E, Inc. 
681 So.2d 909 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1996) 
Hall v. Reid 
693 So.2d 1068 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 1997) 
Grushoff v. Denny's,Inc. 
843 So.2d 973 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2003) 
Maxfly Aviation v. CapitalAirlines 
893 So. 2d 645 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2005) 
Taylor v. Martell 
927 So. 2d 1089 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2006) 
Cybroski v. White 
961 So. 2d 957 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2007) 
Westerberger v. Florida Dept. of Health 
981 So. 2d 1233 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2008) 
Churley v. Broward County Commissioners, et. Al. 
36 So. 3d 111 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2010) 
Pellett v. Fla. Dept. of Financial Services 
49 So. 3d 1280 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2010) 
Fader v. Quality Tree 
145 So. 3d 111 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2013) 
Pellet v. Fla. Dept. of Financial Services 
117 So. 3d 885 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2013) 
DeCruzHaymer v. Festival Food Market 
124 So. 3d 932 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2013) 
Arvello v. Pines Professional 
2015 Fla. App. Lexis 4825 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2015) 
Tomlinson v. Glendale Prop. 
178 So. 3d 415 
(Fla. 4th D.C.A. 2015) 
Connor v. Villa D'Este Condominium, Inc. et. al. 



Fifth District (Criminal) 



183 So. 3d 372 
(Fla. 5th D.C.A. 2016) 
State v. Detrano 
2016 Fla. App. Lexis 9408 
(Fla. 5th D.C.A. 2016) 
Ritchie v. State 

FLORIDA CIRCUIT COURTS OF APPEAL 

9513 AC 
(Cir. Ct., 10th Jud. Cir.) 
Arvazzetti v. State 
9873 AC 10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
Goldstein v. State 
9920 AC 10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Roberts 
0416 AC 10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
Lynch v. State 
0417 AC 10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
Lynch v. State 
0542 AC 10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Boos 
05465 AC 
(Cir. Ct., 11th Jud. Cir.) 
Quiceno v. State 
0698 AC 10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Walsh 
0649AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Cruz 
0790AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Kelmanson 
1016AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Jennings 
0923AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Contini 
0996AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Cheleden 
09103AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Bethart 
1061AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Wilson 
13105AC10A 
(Cir. Ct., 17th Jud. Cir.) 
State v. Ravitz 
